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Tennis has its origin in England around the 19th century and is now played in countries all around the world. There are four major tennis tournaments known as the ‘majors’. The tournaments are: Wimbledon, US Open, French Open and Australian Open. We will on this page explain the tennis rules, so that you hopefully understands them.

Object of the Game Tennis

Tennis is played on a rectangular court,with a net running across the centre of the court. The aim is to hit the ball over the net landing the ball within the margins of the court and in a way that results in your opponent being unable to return the ball over the net. You win a point every time your opponent is unable to return the ball over the net and within the court.

Players & Tennis equipment

A tennis match can be played by either one player on each side of the net– a singles match – or two players on each side – a double match. The rectangular court has a base line (at the back), service areas (two spaces just over the net in which a successful serve must land in) and two tram lines down either side. A singles match will mean you use the inner side tram line and a doubles match will mean you use the outer tram line.

A tennis match can be played on four main court surfaces including grass, clay, hard surface and carpet. Each tournament will choose one surface type to play on and stick without throughout the whole tournament. All that is required in terms of equipment is a stringed racket each and a tennis ball. For example, the Wimbledon tournament is played on grass.

How to score in Tennis

To win a ‘game’ in tennis, you need to score 4 points. The points are called15 (1 point), 30 (two points), 40 (three points) and the fourth would result in the winning game point. If the scores went to 40-40 this would be known as a deuce. When a game reaches deuce the player must then win by two clear points. When the first player win a point, the score is gonna be A-40, ‘A’ standing for advance.

How to win a Tennis match

To win the match you must win a certain amount of sets (best of three for women’s matches and some men matches, while some men matches are 5 sets). Winning a set is simply the first player to reach 6 games but have to be clear by at least 2 games. If your opponent wins 5 games you must win the set 7-5. If the set goes to 6-6 then a tie break is played and it’s simply the first player to 7 points. In some tournaments, you have to win with 2 games, so the set can continue until, one player have 2 games more than another.

Rules of Tennis

  • The game starts with a coin toss to determine which player who must serve first and which side the player want to serve from.
  • The server must then serve each point from alternative sides on the base line. At no point must the server’s feet move in front of the baseline to hit their serve.
  • If the server fails to complete the first serve, they may take advantage of a second serve. If they again fail to complete the second serve, then a double fault will be called and the point goes to the opposition.
  • If the server clips the net but the ball goes in the service area still then ‘net’ is called and the server get to take that serve again without penalty. If the ball hits the net and fails to go in the service area then out is called and they lose that serve.
  • The receiver may stand where they wish while receiving the serve. If the ball is struck without the serve bouncing then the server will receive the point.
  • Once a serve has been completed the amount of shots between the players can be unlimited. The point is won by hitting the ball so the opponent fails to return it, in the scoring areas.
  • Points are awarded in scores of 15, 30 and 40. 15 represent 1 point, 30 = 2 and 40 = 3.
  • You need 4 points to win a game. If a game lands on 40-40 it’s known as a deuce. From deuce a player needs to win 2 consecutive games to win the game. After winning one point from deuce they player is on advantage. If the player wins the next point they win the game, if they lose it goes back to deuce.
  • To win the ‘set’ a player must win 6 games by 2 points or more. The opening sets will go to a tie break if its ends up 6-6 where players play first to 7 points. The final set will not have a tie break and requires players to win by two games with no limits.
  • If a player touches the net, distracts his opponent or impedes in any other way then they automatically lose the point.
  • The ball can hit any part of the line for the point to be called in. If the ball hits outside the line, it would be called out.
  • A player loses a point if they fail to return the ball in either the correct areas on the court, hits the net and doesn’t go into opponent’s area or fails to return the ball before it bounces twice in their half.
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